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Venous Insufficiency

Venous insufficiency is a condition that occurs when the veins in your legs have difficulty carrying blood back to the heart. Healthy veins have one-way valves that help blood flow in the right direction, but when these valves weaken or become damaged, blood can pool in the legs and cause various symptoms and complications.

Causes of Venous Insufficiency

The primary cause of venous insufficiency is the weakening or damaging of the valves in the veins, disrupting the flow of blood back to the heart. Common causes include:

As you get older, the veins lose elasticity and the valve function can weaken.

Jobs or habits that involve long periods of immobility can strain the veins.

Blood clots in deep veins can damage valves and lead to insufficiency.

Hormonal changes and increased pressure on the pelvis can affect vein function during pregnancy.

Risk Factors for Venous Insufficiency

Several risk factors increase the likelihood of developing venous insufficiency:

The risk of developing venous insufficiency increases as you age.

Women are more susceptible to venous insufficiency than men, especially during and after pregnancy.

If other family members have had vein-related issues, you may be more prone to venous insufficiency.

Excess weight can strain the veins and increase the risk of valve damage.

Jobs that involve long periods of sitting or standing can elevate your risk of venous insufficiency.

Treatment for Venous Insufficiency

Several treatment options for venous insufficiency can help alleviate symptoms and improve circulation in the veins.


Typically used for smaller varicose veins and spider veins, this treatment involves injecting a solution into the affected veins, causing them to collapse and eventually fade away.

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Varithena is a type of foam sclerotherapy that can treat a wider range of vein sizes and types compared to traditional sclerotherapy.

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This minimally invasive procedure involves the removal of small varicose veins through tiny incisions. It's particularly effective for surface veins.

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A minimally invasive procedure that uses heat from radiofrequency energy to close off problematic veins, redirecting blood flow to healthier veins.

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This procedure uses laser energy to close off varicose veins, redirecting blood flow to healthier veins.

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A medical adhesive is used to close the affected veins, sealing them and improving blood flow.

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Similar to ambulatory phlebectomy, but even smaller incisions are made to remove superficial varicose veins.

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This procedure involves physically removing blood clots from veins. It's more commonly used for deep vein thrombosis.

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In cases where the larger iliac veins are affected, stents can be placed to keep the veins open and improve blood flow.

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A procedure to widen narrowed veins using a balloon-like device to improve blood flow.

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Used to remove plaque from veins or arteries, improving blood flow.

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Stents can be placed in affected veins to keep them open, improving blood flow and alleviating symptoms.

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While there is no cure for venous insufficiency, proper management of the condition can alleviate symptoms and prevent complications.

If left untreated, it can lead to painful ulcers and other complications, such as cellulitis, deep vein thrombosis, and varicose vein bleeding, among others. Early intervention is key.

You can reduce your risk of venous insufficiency by maintaining a healthy weight, staying active, and avoiding prolonged sitting or standing.

Concerned About Venous Insufficiency?

If you're experiencing symptoms of venous insufficiency or have concerns about your vein health, don't hesitate to schedule a consultation at Premier Vein & Vascular. We're here to answer your questions, evaluate your condition, and recommend a personalized treatment plan to enhance your vein health and overall well-being.

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    479 County Rd 520
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    Marlboro Township, NJ 07746

Ocean Township

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Office Hours

9AM-7PM   Tue & Wed

9AM-5PM   Mon, Thurs & Fri

Closed   Sat & Sun